With the onset of hot days, everyone tries to find the right moment and go to the beach. Sunbathing not only gives a beautiful tan, but also improves mood. But some achieve neither. Sometimes people even after exposure to the open sun can not tan in any way.
Why does the skin tan badly?
The substance melanin is responsible for obtaining a beautiful dark color of the skin. It is produced by the body of adults and children as protection against ultraviolet radiation. But some people do not produce enough melanin. It is necessary to understand why this happens, as a result of which the skin does not tan well.
When sunbathing, people get a chocolate or bronze shade. But it often happens that instead of proper darkening, the dermis becomes reddish. This is the result of a sunburn. Most often, this problem affects people who have very fair skin.
The tendency to get sunburned is the main reason why a person gets a bad tan. As a rule, people who face this problem more often than others are those with light skin photo types.
Pale skin in representatives of the Celtic type. They have milky skin, very sensitive to ultraviolet rays.
Being under the scorching sun for a long time, such a person will definitely get burns. It is believed that the owners of the Celtic type are the most difficult to achieve an even tan, because the level of melanin in their skin is very low.
The Celtic type is simply defined. A person belongs to him if he has:
blue or green eyes;
dermis of a very light shade;
often red or blonde curls;
there are spots on the face, body.
Another photo type that often encounters bad tans is the European, moreover, the Nordic or German variety. These people also have very fair skin that burns easily when exposed to the sun.
Distinctive features of the Nordic photo type:
green, blue or gray eyes;
light blond or brown hair;
spots are almost absent or in very small quantities.
Among the reasons why the body does not tan well, there are also skin diseases. For example, ringworm, fungal infections. When infected, plaques begin to appear on the dermis, a rash that does not allow sunlight to pass through.
Then you don’t have to think about a uniform and beautiful tan. If the skin does not darken for this reason, you should consult a dermatologist.
bad sunbathing mom
Children, like adults, also belong to different photo types. Having very fair skin is one of the main reasons why a child does not tan well. He, like an adult, is subject to the negative influence of ultraviolet rays, due to which sunburn occurs on the delicate dermis of children.
But in addition to this main reason, there is another reason why the child cannot tan – transferred viral diseases. The baby’s body is more sensitive to various microbes. As a result of some diseases (for example, the Epstein-Barr virus), the production of melanin by the body is interrupted. Therefore, the child cannot tan normally. In this case, it is necessary to increase immunity.
Why the skin of the feet gets the sun worse than the body
Many tanners have noticed that there are some areas of the skin that do not darken as quickly. More often, the legs tan worse than the body. This is due to several reasons:
Lack of a sufficient amount of coloring pigment. It so happened that it is in the skin of the legs that there is the least amount of melanin necessary for an even tan. If the legs are still at least somewhat darkened, since more often than other areas are in the open sun, then the inner thigh almost always remains light.
Skin thickness. The skin on the legs is somewhat denser than on other parts of the body. This is due to the fact that the skin on the lower extremities is often forced to endure temperature changes, as well as to adapt to various external influences. This is why the rapid penetration of ultraviolet rays is difficult.
Turnover rate. This factor directly affects tanning. The more actively the blood circulates through the vessels, the faster the skin darkens. People who have various problems, such as varicose veins, are less sensitive to ultraviolet rays. This is one of the common reasons why legs do not tan well in the sun.
Swimming in reservoirs. Even being in the sea or lake, a person continues to get a tan. But only those areas that are above the surface of the water are darkened. Legs, as a rule, always remain inaccessible to sunlight.